# Research Project: A Decision Rules Based Forecasting Model for Tourism Demand in Hong Kong

**Description**

Most of the existing studies on tourism demand forecasting apply economic models that use mathematical functions, which require many statistical assumptions and limitations. This project is a new approach that applies the rough sets theory to form a forecasting model for tourism demand. The objective of this research is to create patterns which are able to distinguish between the classes of arrivals in terms of volume, based upon differences in the characteristics in each arrival. The information about the arrivals was organized in an Information Table where the number of arrivals corresponds to condition attributes, and the classification was defined by a decision attribute that indicated the forecast categorical value of future arrivals. Utilizing Japanese arrivals data in Hong Kong, empirical results showed the induced decision rules could accurately forecast (86.5%) of the test data.

**Keywords**

Tourism demand forecasting, rough sets, Information Table, condition attributes, decision attribute

**Research Institute**

HongKong Polytechnic University

**Funding Institution**

**Official project number**

**Status and date of completion**

Completed, 2004